COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES

Department of Mathematics and Physics

§ I: PHYS 1150 Mechanics, Heat & Waves Syllabus

Catalog Description

Prerequisite: MATH 1117. Corequisite: PHYS 1151 – you must enroll in a section of PHYS 1151 before you

can enroll in PHYS 1150. Introductory course for physical science and engineering majors. Kinematics, New-

ton’s laws, conservation principles for momentum, energy and angular momentum. Thermal physics. Basic

properties of waves, simple harmonic motion, superposition principle, interference phenomena, and sound.

Laboratory fee. 4 credits.

Required Textbook

University Physics with Modern Physics, by H. D. Young and R. A. Freedman, Addison-Wesley, 14e, Chapters 1-20,

ISBN 9780321973610 (2015).

Course Objectives

This course is a ﬁrst semester, calculus based physics course for physical science and engineering majors.

It introduces basic concepts, theory, and applications of classical mechanics (matter and motion, kinematics

and dynamics of particles, rigid and elastic bodies, ﬂuids, waves) and thermal physics (heat, thermodynamic

processes). This course:

1. Introduces basic physics concepts in mechanics and thermodynamics;

2. Provides students with the fundamental understanding of the principles and laws of classical physics;

3. Teaches problem solving techniques;

4. Helps to develop analytical thinking;

5. Introduces the applications of diﬀerential and integral calculus in physics;

6. Teaches how to apply the physical principles and knowledge to other disciplines; and,

7. Demonstrates how observation, experiment, and theory work together to continue to expand the fron-

tiers of knowledge of the physical Universe.

The emphasis is on improved critical thinking skills, and on developing an ability to approach and solve physics

problems.

Student Learning Outcomes

Students passing this course should be able to:

1. Explain the basic concepts and laws in mechanics, CC4.1.1;

2. Use the equations of kinematics, Newton’s laws of dynamics, free body diagrams, and conservation laws

to determine the motion of physical bodies, CC4.1.2;

3. Explain the basic concepts and laws in thermodynamics, CC4.1.1;

4. Convert a physical situation articulated in English to a mathematical formulation, CC4.1.2;

5. Apply basic mathematical tools, including vectors and calculus, to solve physics problems, CC4.1.2;

6. Exercise the use of physical intuition, including the ability to guess an approximate or conceptual answer

to a physics problem;

7. Recognize whether or not the result of a calculation makes physical sense;

8. Apply the physical knowledge to other disciplines, including physical sciences and engineering; and,

9. Illustrate how physical observation, experiment, and theory worked together to develop inventions that

advanced our civilization, CC4.1.3.

Students will also achieve the following Core Learning Objectives:

1

10. the student will be able to articulate structural and/or functional aspects of elements of a portion of the

natural world;

11. use discipline-speciﬁc methodologies and technologies to draw conclusions about natural phenomena;

and

12. illustrate the eﬀects of scientiﬁc knowledge and progress on societal issues.

Required Curriculum Content

Key topics covered include:

1. Physical quantities, units, scalars and vectors, components of vectors, vector addition, vector multiplica-

tion.

2. Motion in one dimension: displacement, time, average velocity, instantaneous velocity, acceleration,

motion with constant acceleration, freely falling bodies, applications of derivatives and integrals in com-

puting the position, velocity, and acceleration functions of a moving object.

3. Motion in two or three dimensions: position, velocity, and acceleration vectors, projectile motion, mo-

tion in a circle, relative velocity.

4. Newton’s laws of motion: force and interactions, Newton’s ﬁrst law, Newton’s second law, mass and

weight, Newton’s third law, free-body diagrams, particles in equilibrium, dynamics of particles, friction.

5. Energy: work, kinetic energy and the work-energy theorem, varying forces, power, gravitational potential

energy, elastic potential energy, conservation of energy, conservative forces, energy gradient.

6. Momentum: momentum and impulse, conservation of momentum, elastic and inelastic collisions, cen-

ter of mass.

7. Rotation of rigid bodies: angular displacement, velocity and acceleration, rotation with constant angular

acceleration, relating linear and angular kinematics, energy in rotational motion, moment of inertia,

parallel-axis theorem.

8. Dynamics of rotational motion: torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum, New-

ton’s second law for rotational motion, rigid-body rotation about a moving axis, work and power in

rotational motion, precession.

9. Statics: mechanical equilibrium, center of gravity, rigid bodies in equilibrium, strain and stress in elastic

bodies.

10. Fluid mechanics: density, pressure in a ﬂuid, buoyancy, ﬂuid ﬂow, Bernoulli’s equation.

11. Gravitation: Newton’s law of gravitation, weight, gravitational potential energy, Kepler’s laws and motion

of planets.

12. Periodic motion: oscillations, simple harmonic motion, energy in harmonic motion, simple pendulum,

physical pendulum.

13. Mechanical waves: periodic waves, speed of a transverse wave, wave interference, standing waves on a

string.

14. Sound: sound waves, speed of sound waves, resonance, beats, Doppler eﬀect.

15. Temperature and heat: temperature and thermal equilibrium, thermal expansion, quantity of heat,

phase changes, heat transfer.

16. Thermal properties of matter: equations of state, ideal gas law, kinetic-molecular model of an ideal gas,

heat capacities, phases of matter.

17. First law of thermodynamics: thermodynamic work, internal energy, thermodynamic processes, internal

energy of an ideal gas, heat capacities of an ideal gas, adiabatic process.

18. Second law of thermodynamics: directions of thermodynamic processes, heat engines, eﬃciency of

engines, entropy.

All sections of PHYS 1150 Mechanics, Heat & Waves will cover, as a minimum, the material from Univer-

sity Physics with Modern Physics, by H. D. Young and R. A. Freedman, Addison-Wesley, 14e, Chapters 1-20,

ISBN 9780321973610 (2015), as listed:

Section

Textbook Topic

MECHANICS

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 2 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

Section Textbook Topic

Chapter 1 - Units, Physical Quantities, and Vectors

1.1 The Nature of Physics

1.2 Solving Physics Problems

1.3 Standards and Units

1.4 Using and Converting Units

1.7 Vectors and Vector Addition

1.8 Components of Vectors

1.9 Unit Vectors

1.10 Products of Vectors

Chapter 2 - Motion Along a Straight Line

2.1 Displacement, Time, and Average Velocity

2.2 Instantaneous Velocity

2.3 Average and Instantaneous Acceleration

2.4 Motion with Constant Acceleration

2.5 Freely Falling Bodies

2.6 Velocity and Position by Integration

Chapter 3 - Motion in Two or Three Dimensions

3.1 Position and Velocity Vectors

3.2 The Acceleration Vector

3.3 Projectile Motion

3.4 Motion in a Circle

3.5 Relative Velocity

Chapter 4 - Newton’s Laws of Motion

4.1 Force and Interactions

4.2 Newton’s First Law

4.3 Newton’s Second Law

4.4 Mass and Weight

4.5 Newton’s Third Law

4.6 Free-Body Diagrams

Chapter 5 - Applying Newton’s Laws

5.1 Using Newton’s First Law: Particles in Equilibrium

5.2 Using Newton’s Second Law: Dynamics of Particles

5.3 Friction Forces

5.4 Dynamics of Circular Motion

Chapter 6 - Work and Kinetic Energy

6.1 Work

6.2 Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem

6.3 Work and Energy with Varying Forces

6.4 Power

Chapter 7 - Potential Energy and Energy Conservation

7.1 Gravitational Potential Energy

7.2 Elastic Potential Energy

7.3 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces

7.4 Force and Potential Energy

Chapter 8 - Momentum, Impulse, and Collisions

8.1 Momentum and Impulse

8.2 Conservation of Momentum

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 3 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

Section Textbook Topic

8.3 Momentum Conservation and Collisions

8.4 Elastic Collisions

8.5 Center of Mass

Chapter 9 - Rotation of Rigid Bodies

9.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration

9.2 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration

9.3 Relating Linear and Angular Kinematics

9.4 Energy in Rotational Motion

9.5 Parallel-Axis Theorem

9.6 Moment-of-Inertia Calculations

Chapter 10 - Dynamics of Rotational Motion

10.1 Torque

10.2 Torque and Angular Acceleration for a Rigid Body

10.3 Rigid-Body Rotation About a Moving Axis

10.4 Work and Power in Rotational Motion

10.5 Angular Momentum

10.6 Conservation of Angular Momentum

Chapter 11 - Equilibrium and Elasticity

11.1 Conditions for Equilibrium

11.2 Center of Gravity

11.3 Solving Rigid-Body Equilibrium Problems

Chapter 12 - Fluid Mechanics

12.1 Gases, Liquids, and Density

12.2 Pressure in a Fluid

12.3 Buoyancy

12.4 Fluid Flow

12.5 Bernoulli’s Equation

Chapter 13 - Gravitation

13.1 Newton’s Law of Gravitation

13.2 Weight

13.3 Gravitational Potential Energy

13.4 The Motion of Satellites

13.5 Kepler’s Laws and the Motion of Planets

Chapter 14 - Periodic Motion

14.1 Describing Oscillation

14.2 Simple Harmonic Motion

14.3 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion

14.4 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion

14.5 The Simple Pendulum

14.6 The Physical Pendulum

WAVES/ACOUSTICS

Chapter 15 - Mechanical Waves

15.1 Types of Mechanical Waves

15.2 Periodic Waves

15.3 Mathematical Description of a Wave

15.4 Speed of Transverse Wave

15.6 Wave Interference, Boundary Conditions, and Superposition

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 4 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

Section Textbook Topic

15.7 Standing Waves on a String (in Lab)

15.8 Normal Modes of a String (in Lab)

Chapter 16 - Sound and Hearing

16.1 Sound Waves

16.3 Sound Intensity

16.5 Resonance and Sound

16.8 The Doppler Eﬀect

THERMODYNAMICS

Chapter 17 - Temperature and Heat

17.1 Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium

17.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

17.3 Gas Thermometers and the Kelvin Scale

17.4 Thermal Expansion

17.5 Quantity of Heat

17.6 Calorimetry and Phase Changes (in Lab)

17.7 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

Chapter 18 - Thermal Properties of Matter

18.1 Equations of State

18.2 Molecular Properties of Matter

18.3 Kinetic-Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

18.4 Heat Capacities

Chapter 19 - The First Law of Thermodynamics

19.1 Thermodynamic Systems

19.2 Work Done During Volume Changes

19.3 Paths Between Thermodynamic States

19.4 Internal Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics

19.5 Kinds of Thermodynamic Processes

19.6 Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas

19.8 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas

Chapter 20 - The Second Law of Thermodynamics

20.1 Directions of Thermodynamic Processes

20.2 Heat Engines

20.4 Refrigerators

20.5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics

20.6 The Carnot Cycle

20.7 Entropy

20.8 Microscopic Interpretation of Entropy

Common Department Requirements for PHYS 1150

While students in each section of PHYS 1150 are assessed by the course instructor, there are general guide-

lines that apply to all sections of PHYS 1150. These include:

• All students registered for PHYS 1150 must be registered for a section of the laboratory course PHYS

1151.

• 25% of the course grade is based on the laboratory PHYS 1151. The Department requires that at least

60% of the course grade be based on in-class exams, i.e., homework and out-of-class projects must

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 5 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

constitute no more than 15% of the ﬁnal grade.

• A passing grade in the laboratory PHYS 1151 is required to pass PHYS 1150.

• Withdrawal from PHYS 1150 results in withdrawal from PHYS 1151, and vice versa. Students repeating

PHYS 1150 must also repeat PHYS 1151, and vice versa.

• The ﬁnal examination constitutes 25% of the course grade. All sections of PHYS 1150 which run at the

same time give the same ﬁnal exam. A ﬁnal exam assesses Student Learning Outcomes 1–5.

• Electronic devices are not allowed on any exams, except calculators provided by the Department.

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 6 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

Department, College and University Expectations and Policies

It is important that students familiarize themselves with a range of policies and guidelines that have been es-

tablished by the Department of Mathematics and Physics, the College of Arts and Sciences, and the University

of New Haven. These are an integral part of the syllabus for this course.

Adding/Dropping a Class

The ﬁnal day to drop this course without it appearing on your transcript is discussed on the

Academic Schedules and Registration web page. After the ﬁrst week of class, self-service registration will

not be enabled for students to directly add or drop classes. Students should contact the Registrar’s oﬃce

directly or the Academic Success Center for assistance with adding and dropping courses during this time.

Attendance Regulations

University attendance policy guidelines require that:

Students are expected to attend regularly and promptly all their classes, appointments, and exercises. While the

university recognizes that some absences may occasionally be necessary, these should be held to a minimum.

A maximum of two weeks of absences will be permitted for illness and emergencies. The instructor has the

right to dismiss from class any student who has been absent more than the maximum allowed. A dismissed

student will receive a withdrawal (W) from the course if they are still eligible for a withdrawal per the university

Withdrawal from a Course policy, or a failure (F), if not. A student who is not oﬃcially registered in the course

is not permitted to attend classes or take part in any other course activities. Students absent from any class

meeting are responsible for making up missed assignments and examinations at the discretion of the instructor.

Students are to adhere to the policy attendance policy guidelines outlined in the University Catalog under the

heading, Attendance Regulations, found online in the Undergradaduate Catalog or alternatively found in the

Student Handbook on pp.4849.

Religious Observance Policy for Students

The University of New Haven respects the right of its students to observe religious holidays that may neces-

sitate their absence from class or from other required university-sponsored activities. Students who wish

to observe such holidays should not be penalized for their absence, although in academic courses they are

responsible for making up missed work. The College provides that,

Instructors should try to avoid scheduling exams or quizzes on religious holidays, but where such conﬂicts occur

should provide reasonable accommodations for missed assignment deadlines or exams. If a class, an assign-

ment due date, or exam interferes with the observance of such a religious holiday, it is the student’s responsibil-

ity to notify their instructor, preferably at the beginning of the term, but otherwise at least two weeks before the

holiday.

More information about religious observance policies can be found in the Student Handbook on pp.4849

under the heading, Attendance Policies: Religious Observance Policy for Students.

Withdrawal from a Course

Students wishing to withdraw must submit a request for an oﬃcial course withdrawal in writing using the on-

line Course Withdrawal Form, or alternatively complete and hand in the pdf based Course Withdrawal Form.

The ﬁnal date to request a withdrawal is listed in the Academic Calendar. This request must be submitted to

the Registrar’s Oﬃce and signed by the International Oﬃce if you are an international student. The grade of

W will be recorded, but the course will not aﬀect the GPA.

1

Incomplete Grade Policy

A grade of Incomplete (INC) is given only in special circumstances and indicates that the student has been

given permission by the instructor to complete required course work (with the same instructor) after the end

1

Please note that it is the responsibility of the student to assure that the required paperwork and documentation is completed by the deadline.

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 7 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

of the term. In the absence of the instructor a student should contact the Department Chair. Students need

to examine carefully the changed guidelines pertaining to INC grades, speciﬁcally:

To remove the INC grade, the student must complete all required course work in timely fashion as stipulated by

the instructor but no later than the end of the following term. Fall and intersession course incomplete grades

must be completed no later than the last day of the spring term. Spring and summer course incomplete grades

must be completed no later than the last day of the fall term.

If the course work is not submitted within the allotted time, the INC grade will be changed to an F shortly after

the deadline by the Oﬃce of the University Registrar. Students will be notiﬁed via campus email at least two

weeks prior to the change of grade process.

The University policy on incomplete grades is discussed in the Academic Catalog under the heading, Incom-

plete (INC) Grade Policy.

Academic Integrity Policy and Procedures

The University of New Haven expects its students to maintain the highest standards of academic conduct.

Academic dishonesty is not tolerated at the University. To know what it is expected, students are responsible

for reading and understanding the statement regarding academic honesty in the Student Handbook. Specif-

ically, students are required to adhere to the Academic Integrity Policies speciﬁed in the Student Handbook,

i.e., on pp.6673.

Please ask your instructor about their expectations regarding permissible or encouraged forms of student

collaboration if there is any confusion about this topic. The Department of Mathematics and Physics fully

adheres to the Academic Integrity Policy:

Academic integrity is a core university value that ensures respect for the academic reputation of the University,

its students, faculty and staﬀ, and the degrees it confers. The University expects that students will conduct

themselves in an honest and ethical manner and respect the intellectual work of others. Please be familiar with

the University’s policy on Academic Integrity. Please ask about expectations regarding permissible or encouraged

forms of student collaboration if they are unclear.

Coursework Expectations

This course will require signiﬁcant in-class and out-of-class commitment from each student. The University

estimates that a student should expect to spend two hours outside of class for each hour they are in a

class. For example, a three credit course would average six [6] hours of additional work outside of class.

2

Coursework expectations are detailed in the Academic Catalog under the heading, Course Work Expectations.

Please note, that PHYS 1150 is a 4-credit course, and as such requires a total of 12 hours per week invested

in study and homework for the average student.

Commitment to Positive Learning Environment

The University adheres to the philosophy that all community members should enjoy an environment free of

any form of harassment, sexual misconduct, discrimination, or intimate partner violence. If you have been

the victim of sexual misconduct we encourage you to report this. If you report this to a faculty/staﬀ member,

they must notify our college’s Title IX coordinator about the basic facts of the incident (you may choose to

request conﬁdentiality from the University). If you encounter sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, sexual

assault, or discrimination based on race, color, religion, age, national origin, ancestry, sex, sexual orientation,

gender identity, or disability please contact the Title IX Coordinator, Caroline Koziatek at (203)-932-7479 or

CKoziatek@newhaven.edu. Further online information about is available at Title IX.

Reporting Bias Incidents

At the University of New Haven, there is an expectation that all community members are committed to cre-

ating and supporting a climate which promotes civility, mutual respect, and open-mindedness. There also

exists an understanding that with the freedom of expression comes the responsibility to support community

2

Please note that study guidelines are important, i.e., there is substantial evidence that shows that the pass rates for students in math courses decrease

dramatically as the time spent on outside study falls below 2 hours of homework per credit per week.

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 8 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

members’ right to live and work in an environment free from harassment and fear. It is expected that all mem-

bers of the University community will engage in anti-bias behavior and refrain from actions that intimidate,

humiliate, or demean persons or groups or that undermine their security or self-esteem.

If you have witnessed or are the target of a bias-motivated incident, please contact the Oﬃce of the Dean

of Students at 203-932-7432 or Campus Police at 203-932-7014. Further information about this and other

reporting options may be found at Report It.

University Support Services

The University recognizes students often can use some help outside of class and oﬀers academic assistance

through several oﬃces. In addition to discussing any academic issues you may have with your instructor,

advisor, or with the the courses or department coordinator or chair, the University provides these additional

resources for students:

The Center for Academic Success and Advising (CASA)

The Academic Success Center is located in Maxcy 208 for help with your academic studies, or call 203-932-

7234 to set up an appointment.

University Writing Center

The mission of the Writing Center (an expansion of the Writer to Writer peer-tutoring program) is to provide

high-quality tutoring to undergraduate and graduate students as they write for a wide range of purposes and

audiences. Tutors are undergraduate and graduate students and they work with students at any stage in the

writing process; Bring in your assignment, your ideas, and any writing done so far. To make an appointment,

register for an account at https://newhaven.mywconline.com.

The Math Zone

Please contact the Math Zone if you wish to challenge your Math Placement by taking a Math Challenge Exam

or by taking a Math Post Placement Exam. These are discussed more extensively at http://math.newhaven.

edu/mathphysics/placement_html. The Math Zone also provides a range of tutoring and classroom support

service for students taking development math classes.

The Center for Learning Resources (CLR)

The Center for Learning Resources located in Peterson Library, provides academic content support to the

students of the University of New Haven using metacognitive strategies that help students become aware

of and learn to apply optimal learning processes in the pursuit of creating independent learners CLR tutors

focus sessions on discussions of concepts and processes and typically use external examples to help students

grasp and apply the material.

Accessibility Resources Center

Students with disabilities are encouraged to share, in conﬁdence, information about needed speciﬁc course

accommodations. The Accessibility Resources Center (ARC) provides comprehensive services and sup-

port that serve to promote educational equity and ensure that students are able to participate in the oppor-

tunities available at the University of New Haven. Accommodations cannot be made without written docu-

mentation from the ARC. The ARC is located on the ground ﬂoor in the rear of Sheﬃeld Hall. Sheﬃeld Hall

is located in the Residential Quad area, and can be contacted at 203-932-7332. The ADA/Section 504 Com-

pliance Oﬃcer is Rebecca Johnson, RJohnson@newhaven.edu, and can be reached by phone at 203-932-7238.

Information on the ARC can be found at

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 9 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019

Counseling and Psychological Services

The Counseling Center oﬀers a variety of services aimed at helping students resolve personal diﬃculties and

acquire the balance, skills, and knowledge that will enable them to take full advantage of their experience at

the University of New Haven. Information about the, Counseling and Psychological Services, is available

online.

Department Syllabus for PHYS 1150, Spring 2019 Page 10 of 10 Rev. 1.0, January 28, 2019